Lemosho Route Highlights
High success rate. Good for acclimatization. Converges with Machame on day 4 at Baranco. Shira offers higher start point compared to Lemosho and poorer acclimatization. Fully catered camping only.
|1||Arusha||Green Mountain Hotel||BB|
|3||Shira 1 Camp||Camping||BLD|
|9||Arusha||Green Mountain Hotel||BL|
|B -Bed & Breakfast, BLD – Bed and Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner, AI – All inclusive, TRSF– Transfer, CRT– Crater Tour, LEI – Leisure, A – Morning game drive, P – Afternoon game drive|
- 07-15 Oct 2023 (*confirmed trip)
*book by 31March2023 – get $100/Pax discount
|2 – 8 pax|
*Deposit $1000/Pax for booking. Balance payment 4 months before the trip.
*single Pax supplement applicable.
Day 01 : Arrive Tanzania Airport
Contact us for flight details. Once you arrive at the same time in TANZANIA AIRPORT our Local representative will pick up the group.
You will be met at the Kilimanjaro Airport and will be driven to Arusha for an overnight stay.
Overnight: Green Mountain Hotel
Day 2: Londorossi Gate to Mti Mkubwa
Elevation: 7,742 ft to 9,498 ft
Distance: 6 km/4 miles
Hiking Time: 3-4 hours
Habitat: Rain Forest
We depart Arusha for Londorossi Gate, which takes about 4 hours, where you will complete entry formalities. Then drive to the Lemosho trailhead. Upon arrival at trailhead, we begin hiking through undisturbed forest which winds to the first camp site.
Day 3: Forest Camp to Shira Camp 1
•Elevation (ft): 9,500ft to 11,500ft
•Distance: 8 km
•Hiking Time 5-6 hours
We continue the trail leading out of the forest and into a savannah of tall grasses, heather, and volcanic rock draped with lichen beards. As we ascend through the lush rolling hills and cross several streams, we reach the Shira Ridge before dropping gently down to Shira 1 camp. The view of Kibo from across the plateau is amazing.
Day 4: Shira Camp 1 to Shira 2 to Moir Hut
•Elevation (ft): 11,500ft to 13,800 ft
•Distance: 14 km
•Hiking Time: 5-7 hours
We explore the Shira plateau for a full day. It is a gentle walk east toward Kibo’s glaciered peak, across the plateau which leads to Shira 2 camp on moorland meadows by a stream. Then we continue to Moir Hut, a little used site on the base of Lent Hills. A variety of walks are available on Lent Hills making this an excellent acclimatization opportunity. Shira is one of the highest plateaus on earth.
Day 5: Moir Hut to Lava Tower to Barranco Camp
•Elevation (ft): 13,800ft to 13,000ft
•Distance: 7 km
•Hiking Time: 4-6 hours
•Habitat: Semi Desert
From the Shira Plateau, we continue to the east up a ridge, passing the junction towards the peak of Kibo. As we continue, our direction changes to the Southeast towards the Lava Tower, called the “Shark’s Tooth.” Shortly after the tower, we come to the second junction which brings us up to the Arrow Glacier at an altitude of 16,000ft. We now continue down to the Barranco Hut at an altitude of 13,000ft. Here we rest, enjoy dinner, and overnight. Although you end the day at the same elevation as when you started, this day is very important for acclimatization and will help your body prepare for summit day.
Day 6: Barranco Camp to Karanga Camp
•Elevation (ft): 13,000ft to 13,100ft
•Hiking Time: 4-5 hours
•Habitat: Alpine Desert
After breakfast, we leave Barranco and continue on a steep ridge passing the Barranco Wall, to the Karanga Valley campsite. This is a short day meant for acclimatization.
Day 7: Karanga Camp to Barafu Camp
•Elevation (ft): 13,100ft to 15,300ft
•Distance: 4 km
•Hiking Time: 4-5 hours
•Habitat: Alpine Desert
After breakfast, we leave Karanga and hit the junction which connects with the Mweka Trail. We continue up to the Barafu Hut. At this point, you have completed the South Circuit, which offers views of the summit from many different angles. Here we make camp, rest, enjoy dinner, and prepare for the summit day. The two peaks of Mawenzi and Kibo are to be seen from this position.
Day 8: Barafu Camp to Summit to Mweka Hut
•Elevation (ft): 15,300ft to 19,345ft (and down to 10,000ft)
•Distance: 5 km ascent / 12 km descent
•Hiking Time: 7-8 hours ascent / 4-6 hours descent
Very early in the morning (midnight to 2am), we continue our way to the summit between the Rebmann and Ratzel glaciers. You head in a northwesterly direction and ascend through heavy scree towards Stella Point on the crater rim. This is the most mentally and physically challenging portion of the trek.
At Stella Point (18,600 ft), you will stop for a short rest and will be rewarded with the most magnificent sunrise you are ever likely to see (weather permitting). From Stella Point, you may encounter snow all they way on your 1-hour ascent to the summit. At Uhuru Peak, you have reached the highest point on Mount Kilimanjaro and the continent of Africa. Faster hikers will see the sunrise from the summit.
From the summit, we now make our descent continuing straight down to the Mweka Hut camp site, stopping at Barafu for lunch. You will want gaiters and trekking poles for the loose gravel going down. Mweka Camp is situated in the upper forest and mist or rain can be expected in the late afternoon. Later in the evening, we enjoy our last dinner on the mountain and a well-earned sleep.
Day 9: Mweka Camp to Arusha.
•Elevation (ft): 10,000ft to 5,400ft
•Distance: 10 km
•Hiking Time: 3-4 hours
•Habitat: Rain Forest
After breakfast, we continue the descent down to the Mweka Park Gate to receive your summit certificates. At lower elevations, it can be wet and muddy. Gaiters and trekking poles will help. Shorts and t-shirts will probably be plenty to wear (keep rain gear and warmer clothing handy).
From the gate, you continue another hour to Mweka Village. A vehicle will meet you at Mweka village to drive you back to hotel in Arusha.
Kilimanjaro Package Includes
- Conservation Fees, Camping/ Hut fees & Rescue fees
- Camping equipment
- Terra Nova/ Vaude/Northland Mountain tents
- Vaude double layer Sleeping mats/ Trek & Hide Foam mattress.
- Airport transfers – JRO to Arusha, 2 ways
- Transport to and from the Kilimanjaro National Park
- Guide, assistant guides, porters
- Meals + mountain chef while on the mountain
- Water throughout the trek
- Hotel Accommodation:
- 1 Night for the Group’s Pre climb hotel accommodation in Arusha at Green Mountain Hotel (3 star) or alternative; on bed & breakfast basis.
- 1 Night for the Group’s Post climb hotel accommodation at Green Mountain Hotel (3 star) or alternative – Inclusive of complimentary dinner!
- VHF ICOM Radio Communication
- Portable Oxygen tank (1.8L canister) – 1 Kit (2 canisters) for a group of up to 10 pax.
- Pulse Oximeter – for monitoring your body performance while on the high altitude.
- Fair wages paid to our mountain crew (porters, cook and guides) as part of our responsibility to the Community and Fair Treatment of our mountain Crew – our practices conform with our partners in responsible travel including Kilimanjaro Porters Assistance Project (KPAP), Kilimanjaro National Park (KINAPA), Kilimanjaro Porters Association (KPA) as well as Kilimanjaro Association of Tour Operators (KIATO)
- Snacks, personal hygiene kit and personal medication
- Extra acclimatization day – An extra day can be added while on the mountain and each extra day costs extra US$ 300 per person and this amount will be paid at our main office after the climb.
- Water purification tabs
- Personal mountain clothing & trekking gear – some of the kit is available for hire in Moshi.
- Flights and Tanzania entry visa
- Health requirements (Yellow Fever vaccination is recommended depending on your flight route on entering Tanzania, vaccination for Meningitis & Hepatitis A optional)
- Optional Travel and medical insurance is but highly recommended
- Tips for Kilimanjaro Mountain crew is mandatory nowadays (average tip is anything from US$200 to US$ 250 per climber depending on the number of days spent on the mountain, group size and route chosen)
- Doctor for the group
- Items of a personal nature
GUIDES AND PORTERS
Once on the Mountain, your well-equipped guides and porters, will rank second only to your mental determination, in terms of important factors contributing to a successful summit attempt. For the duration of your Kilimanjaro trek, your guide will be your advisor, he will lead you to the summit, and he will bring down safely again. It will be important that you work closely with him and take note of his advice.
QUALIFIED AND EXPERIENCED GUIDES
Guides are compulsory for all routes on Kilimanjaro. All our treks up the mountain are led by highly trained and qualified guides, registered with the Kilimanjaro National Parks Board. Each of our guides has been selected over years, based on experience, safety record and through feedback from previous clients. Over the years they made a major contribution to our proud success rate of 96%+ and have safely guided more than 14 000 successful Climbing Kilimanjaro clients to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro.
SUPPORT STAFF RATIOS
The average ratio of our support staff to climbers is 2 to 3 porters per hiker and two guides for a maximum of 4 hikers. This excellent staff to client’s ratio, bolstered by our superior support equipment, will ensure your safety and enjoyment on the mountain.
PORTERS AND COOK
The porters do not only transport your gear and the supplies up and down the mountain. Arriving at every camp site long before you, they will have already erected your tent on your arrival. In the evening they will also boil drinking and washing water and the cook will prepare dinner of a quality that has surprised many previous clients.
WEIGHT LIMITS FOR PORTERS
Remember that there is a weight limit of 15 kg (32 lbs) per climber, on the gear of each hiker. A soft duffel bag (barrel type) is preferred – a rucksack is not necessary as they prefer to porter the loads balanced on their heads and shoulders.
This is a “compulsory tradition” on every Kilimanjaro climb. We recommend giving a tip of between US $ 200 to US $ 250 per client to the mountain crew at the end of the climb. The exact tipping amount depends on group size and how many days were spending on the mountain. We recommend giving the tip to the main guide who will then distribute the tip among the mountain crew. We recommend not paying any tips until you and all your gear have descended from the mountain.
The average recommended tip per group per day:
- Chief guide – US $ 20 per chief guide per day from the group
- Assistant Guide – US $ 15 – 18 per assistant guide per day from the group
- Cook – US $ 12 – 15 per cook per day from the group.
- Porters – US $ 8 – 10 per porter per day from the group
It is recommended not to pay your porters any tips until you and all your gear have descended from the mountain.
- Valid passport and visa
- Airline ticket
- International health card with immunizations (Yellow fever)
- Travel insurance
- Medical insurance
- US $ cash / Credit Card
- Duffel bag – large enough for all climbing gear and clothing. To be carried by the porters. An extra bag to be left at the hotel with extra gear.
- Small luggage lock – to lock zippers.
- Day backpack – between 20 – 35 liters. Large enough to carry your water, camera, raincoat, lunch pack, snacks & warm clothing.
- Sleeping bag
- Ski-pole / walking stick
- Water bottle / containers
- Kilimanjaro map (Can be bought at Park gate)
HIGH GEAR ALTITUDE
- Waterproof, breathable & windproof jacket (outer wear like Ventex, Gore-Tex or Jeantex)
- Waterproof, breathable & windproof pants (outer wear)
- Polar fleece (middle layer)
- Thermal underwear (under layers)
- Mittens or warm gloves
- Glove liners (if necessary)
- One pair thermal (polertex) socks
- Thermal water flask
- Hiking pants
- Regular underwear
- Raincoat or Poncho
- Water resistant semi-stiff hiking boots – mid weight boots work great.
- Shoes for overnight camps – i.e., sneakers, running shoes, etc.
- Socks – several pairs for the climb
- Liner socks – to keep your feet dry and limit the risk of blisters.
- Sun hat or similar (with a brim)
- Collapsible ski stick (optional but highly recommended)
- Water bottles – two or three (total capacity at least 4 liters)
- Head lamp, good strong one with spare batteries and an extra light bulb
- Water purification tablets
- Sunglasses, good quality dark lenses for the climb, with a securing strap
- Flashlight (torch) with spare batteries
- Toilet kit (soap, toothbrush, toilet articles, wet wipes, etc.)
- Sunscreen and lip protection, SPF 30+
- Ziploc bags, to protect camera, binoculars, etc. from dust.
- Toilet paper
- Money belt for passport and valuables
MEDICAL AND FIRST AID SUPPLIES
- Headache tablets
- Altitude Sickness-Diamox (if not allergic to sulpha)
- Diarrhea – Imodium
- Nausea – Valoid
- Malaria – Prophylaxis
- Water purification tablets
- Muscular sprains
- Abrasions blisters and cuts – Plaster, bandages
- Antiseptic cream – Betadine
- Flu and colds
- Eye drops
- Insect repellent
- Camera, extra lenses and film (ASA 200 film recommended)
- Powdered sports drinks for the climb (ex. Game or Isotonic drinks)
- Pocket knife
- Notebook & pencil
- Plastic bags to keep clothing dry (masking tape)
- Energy snacks and sweets
- Video camera, tapes, battery packs and tripod
Go slowly – “Pole Pole” as they say in Swahili! This is also very important during your first days of climbing. Even if you feel well, slow down and enjoy the scenery. The biggest cause of altitude sickness is ascending too high too fast! The slower you hike to more time you give your body to acclimatize.
DRINK ENOUGH WATER
Make sure that you drink at least 3 – 4 litres of liquid a day – preferably water. For your first day it is recommended that you take along fresh water, which may be purchased at the hotel in Moshi before your climb. Try to get the bottles with the screw tops, this way you will also have containers in which to take water further up the mountain. Running water on the mountain is safe to drink from day-2 onwards, but care should still be taken. If you are not used to fresh water in nature, prevent any inconvenience by using water purification tablets. REMEMBER! A functioning “body water balance” is one of the keys to a successful climb!
WALK HIGH – SLEEP LOW
If possible and especially on your acclimatization day “walk high – sleep low” Try to do a short evening stroll to a higher altitude and then descend to sleep at the camp at a lower altitude. This is essential on your acclimatization day.
Climb as lightly as possible; this becomes even more important on your summit night. Extra weight will slow you down and will also make breathing more difficult.
Remember that you will be on the mountain for at least 5 or 6 days. You need to take enough clothing, especially socks to last for this period. Due to frequent rainfall as well as numerous streams on the routes, it is advisable to pack items individually in your bag. These individually packed items should be wrapped in plastic bags to prevent them from getting wet in case of rain or of being accidentally dropped in a stream.
You will require the correct underwear, thermal hiking socks, gloves (preferably mittens), warm head protection, raincoat, sunglasses and sun protection cream. Also remember your hiking boots, hiking/running shoes (it is not necessary to walk with boots or climbers’ shoes until the last sections where scree and rocks are encountered), and very importantly, a walking stick / ski-pole. One of the most critical items of clothing is an outer jacket. You want it to perform the functions of keeping you warm, protect you at temperatures of as low as minus 25 degrees Celsius, keep the wind out and yet still “breath”. Try to avoid tight fitting clothing or underwear. This will hamper circulation, causing either cold or discomfort on the mountain. A balaclava is a must, as it will protect your face against cold, wind, sun and snow. Other clothing like shorts, sweaters and T-shirts are strongly recommended, especially during hiking on the lower slopes, when the day temperatures are still high.
The only way to ensure that you are dressed warmly is to follow the principal of wearing the correct clothing layers, starting from against the body. A common mistake made by climbers is to wear almost everything they have and to start off with cotton against the skin. Cotton absorbs moisture perfectly, and moisture trapped against the skin will result in a definite lowering of the body temperature, which could even lead to hypothermia. It is therefore very important to use proper thermal underwear with “wicking” properties (a fabric which can draw moisture away from the body) and thus enabling it to evaporate to the outside. The middle layer should provide the insulation and a product like polar fleece will be adequate in this regard. The outer layer should be windproof, waterproof, and breathable. Products like Ventex, Goretex or Jeantex offer these properties. Short of altitude and physical exertion, cold is one of the most serious obstacles when attempting to summit Kilimanjaro. After securing your booking with us, you’ll receive a comprehensive document, to guide you through the steps of purchasing the correct gear.
TAKE A SKI – POLE
A ski – pole is essential. Use of ski poles reduces external and internal loads on the knee joint by up to 20%. Using 1 ski pole is a must, but 2 poles are recommended. Buy one or hire one but take one.
Replace your head lamp and camera batteries with new ones on your summit night.
ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS (AMS)
AMS commonly affects people at high altitude, who are not accustomed to high altitude conditions. AMS can be lethal if not treated immediately or if its symptoms are ignored. Probably 70% of all people climbing Kilimanjaro will suffer to some extent from AMS. You should familiarize yourself with this condition and take preventative care.
Malaria occurs below 1800 meters, and you should use the recommended prophylactics. Please consult your doctor about these. Currently, there are various preventative medication products available which will be effective against the malaria strains currently found in Tanzania. Women using oral contraceptives should consult their physicians before using prophylactics.
IF ANYONE WISH TO EXTEND THEIR TRIP FOR SAFARI DO CONTACT US FOR ARRANGEMENTS.
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